英文單字的「群組記憶法」


今天想分享一個常用的英文單字「群組記憶法」

本質上和字根、字首、字尾有一點類似,就是把單字「結尾相同」的單字,統統打包在一起,全部背下來

直接看實戰演練吧:

大家一定學過 plan 這個字

既然會了 plan,那麼,就可以順便學習 clan 和 flan

把這三個字排列如下,可以看到,單字最後的結尾,完全相同:
clan
flan
plan

如果從「字根、字首、字尾」的分析,clan, flan, plan 並沒有直接的關係,所以,「並不會」串在一起

只是,從背單字的角度來看,這幾個字實在長的太像了,一起記下來,其實很賺啊

順便看看 clan, flan 這二個字的英文說明和例句:

clan: (n) a large group of famil
    The whole clan will visit Paris next month.

flan: (n) a piece of cake or pastry
    My wife loves eating flan.

學會以上的原則之後,我們馬上可以應用到別的單字上,例如:

cinder, tinder

cinder: (n) a piece of partly burned coal or wood
    Their house was burned to a cinder.

tinder: (n) something dry that burns easily
    They used some dry wood as tinder to light the campfire.

jingle, tingle

jingle: (v)  make a repeated ringing sound
    Keys jingled in his pocket.

tingle: (v) when you tingle with an emotion, you feel it strongly
My mind tingles with sorrow whenever I read that story.

draught, fraught

draught: (n) a system of storing and serving drinks from large containers, especially barrels
(adj) stored in and served from large containers, especially barrels:
    We love drinking draught beer.

特別注意二件事:
1. draught 的發音和 draft 一樣
2. 不要把 draught, drought, distraught 這三個字搞混了

drought: (n) a long period of dry wheather
    The drought reduced their harvest yield.

distraught: (adj) extremely nervous, upset, or worried
    She felt distraught about losing her job.

fraught: (adj) anxious
fraught with: full of unpleasant things such as problems or dangers:
    Their marriage if fraught with problems.

再來個幾組:

beacon
deacon

blink
clink
plink
slink

大家自己查詢上面這些字的定義吧


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